with the following terms and concepts.
Some of these items will be on the test.
Some items may also be on the test that are not mentioned here. Review your notes and your textbook.
G. Indivual organisms
Homeostasis: Maintenance of a constant set of physical and chemical conditions within the human body
Feedback systems. Components:
Body temperature regulation
Oxytocin and childbirth
organic chemicals contain Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
What is a monomer and what is a polymer? Know examples of each.
are four basic classes of organic molecules.
Know the differences between these them and some examples of each type.
Review the four
levels of protein structure: primary, secondary, tertiary and
Know the basic structure and function of an ATP molecule.
Enzyme Amino acids Glycogen
ATP Peptide bonds Product
Monosaccharide Steroids Substrate
Disaccharide Phospholipids Starch
Fatty acid Triglycerides DNA
Glycerol Dehydration synthesis RNA
Denaturation Hydrolysis Nucleic Acid
Micelle Purine Pyrimidine
plasma membrane or Cell membrane
is a matrix of phospholipid
This membrane is semipermeable or selectively permeable. Know the various roles
played by the proteins in the cell membrane.
Parts of the cell are
held in place by a cytoskeleton. This
is composed of proteinaceous fibers of various types, including:
Microfilaments – actin, 6 nm
Intermediate filamaments – various proteins, 7-11 nm
Thick filaments – myosin, 15 nm
Microtubules – tubulin, 25 nm
Know the structure and
function of the following organelles
and be able to identify them in a diagram:
Cilia Mitochondrion Nuclear envelope
Flagellum Nucleolus Nuclear pores
Golgi apparatus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Lysozome Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Know the function and purpose of the following processes:
Receptor mediated endocytosis Carrier mediated passive transport
Carrier mediated active transport
Exocytosis Secondary Active Transport
definitions of the following terms?
Hypotonic Osmotic pressure Crenulation
Isotonic Osmolality Specificity
Hypertonic Lysis Saturation
Genes Thymine Phosphate group codon
Transcription Cytosine Nitrogenous base anticodon
Translation Adenine DNA polymerase
Chromatids Guanine RNA polymerase
Centromeres Uracil tRNA
Cytokinesis Ribose mRNA
the cell cycle
and the stages of mitosis, what is happening in each?
What is the function of mitosis?
processes of transcription and translation, where they occur in the
differences between them and what is their purpose?
Histology - the study of tissues.
Know the following four basic tissue types, and the differences between them.
Simple squamous Stratified squamous
Simple cuboidal Stratified cuboidal
Simple columnar Transitional
Simple ciliated columnar
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar
Connective tissue proper
Loose Areolar C. T.
Dense Regular C. T.
Dense Irregular C. T.
Elaxtic C. T.
Reticular C. T.
Adipose C. T.
Blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes)
Stratum corneum Papillary layer
Stratum lucidum Reticular layer
Stratum granulosum Hypodermis
Sebaceous Shaft Medulla Body
Sudoriferous Root Cortex Free edge
Eccrine Bulb Cuticle Root
Apocrine Dermal papilla Nail bed
Mammary glands Hyponychium
Ceruminous glands Eponychium
Understand the following terms and their significance:
Vitamin D Eumelanin
Friction Ridges Flush
Flexion lines Dermal papilla
processes involved in thermoregulation?
What is the significance of Vitamin D?
How can sunlight damage skin?
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