Outline: The Brain

I. General structure
            A. Cerebrum
            B. Cerebellum
            C. Diencephalon
            D. Brainstem
            E. Meninges
            F. Ventricles

II. Development of the brain
            A. Prosencephalon
                        1. Telencephalon
                        2. Diencephalon
            B. Mesencephalon
            C. Rhombencephalon
                        1. Metencephalon
                        2. Myelencephalon

III.  Meninges
            A. Dura mater
            B. Arachnoid
            C. Pia mater

IV. Detailed structure and function.
            A. The cerebrum
                        1. Gyri and Sulci
                        2. Lobes of the cerebrum
                                    a. Frontal lobes
                                    b. Parietal  
                                    c. Occipital 
                                    d. Temporal 
                                    e. Insula
                         3. Corpus callosum and other connections
                         4. Specialized areas
                                    a. Wernicke’s area
                                    a. Broca’s Area = Motor Speech Area
                                    b. Precentral gyrus
                                    c. Parietal lobe
                                    d. Postcentral gyrus
                                    e. Temporal lobes
                                    f. Piriform lobes
                                    g. Occipital lobe
                                    h. Insula
                                    i. Basal nuclei
             B. Diencephalon
                        1. Thalamus
                        2. Hypothalamus
                                    a. Functions
                                                1. Cardiovascular regulation
                                                2. Regulation of body temp
                                                3. Regulation of water & electrolyte balance
                                                4. Regulation of hunger & gastrointest. activ.
                                                5. Regulation of sleep and wakefulness
                                                6. Sexual response
                                                7. Emotions
                                                8. Endorcine functions
                        3. Epithalamus
                                    a. Choroid plexus
                                    b. Pineal gland
                        4. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
                                    a. Anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
                                    b. Posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)
                        5. Limbic system
             C. Mid-brain
                        1. Cerebral aqueduct
                        2. Corpora quadrigemina
                                    a. superior colliculi
                                    b. inferior colliculi
                        3. Cerebral peduncles
             D. Pons
                       1. Apneustic and pneumotaxic areas
             E. Medulla oblongata
                        1. Fourth ventricle
                        2. Pyramids
                        3. Olive
                        4. Cardiac center
                        5. Vasomotor center
                        6. Respiratory center
                        7. Reticular formation
             F. Cerebellum
                        1. Arbor vitae
                        2. Cerebellar hemispheres and vermis
                        3. Cerebellar peduncles

 V. Ventricles
            A. Lateral ventricles
            B. Third ventricle
            C. Fourth ventricle
            D. Choroid plexus
            E. Pattern of flow of cerebrospinous fluid

 VI. Brainwaves

 VII. Cranial nerves
            A. I. Olfactory nerve
            B. II. Optic nerve                         
            C. III. Occulomotor nerve
            D. IV. Trochlear nerve
            E. V. Trigeminal nerve
            F. VI. Abducens nerve
            G. VII. Facial nerve
            H. VIII. Vestibulocochlear nerve
            I. IX. Glossopharyngeal nerve
            J. X. Vagus nerve
            K. XI. Accessory nerve

L. XII. Hypoglossal ner


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