This page last updated 2/11/02.

Please mail comments regarding this page to Prof. Kelly Harrison at kharrison@po-box.esu.edu

Frontal Plane

(Coronal Plane)

The frontal plane is the plane in which sideway movements occur. Movements in the frontal plane occur about a Anterior-Posterior axis.

The diagrams below show examples of movement in the frontal plane.
 
lateral neck flexion
Shoulder adduction and abduction occur in the frontal plane about a anterior-posterior axis.
Neck lateral flexion occurs in the frontal plane about the anterior-posterior axes of the cervical vertebrae.

 

Question

Click on a button below to choose a response:

 

Hip abduction and adduction occur in the frontal plane.
True
False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sagittal Plane

The sagittal plane is the plane in which forward and backward movements occur. Movement in the sagittal plane occurs about a medio-lateral axis.

The diagrams below show examples of movement in the sagittal plane.
 
curls sagittal view
With the shoulder in a neural postion, elbow flexion and extension occur in the sagittal plane about a medio-lateral axis. To clearly view sagittal plane movements a side view is required. 

Often in medicine, this side view is called the sagittal view.

Click here to see several sagittal views of the knee.


 

Questions

Click on a button below to choose a response:

 

Trunk flexion and extension occur in which plane?
Frontal
Sagittal

 

 

 

 

Click on a button below to choose a response:

 

Starting from the anatomical position, radial and ulnar deviation (flexion) occur in the sagittal plane.

True
False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transverse Plane

(Horizontal)

The transverse plane is the plane in which rotational movements occur. Movement in the tranverse plane occurs about a vertical axis.

The diagrams below show examples of movement in the transverse plane.
 
top view
Trunk rotation occurs in the transverse plane about a vertical axis. To clearly view movement in the transverse plane, a top camera postion is required.

Questions


Starting from the anatomical position, forearm pronation and supination occur in the transverse plane.

True
False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion occur in which plane?

Transverse
Sagittal